Friedensstadt Augsburg - Ukraine Support

Psychological support for citizens from Ukraine

Articles and Resources

When Terrible Things Happen (Handouts for Survivors)
Developed by the National Center for PTSD (USA) and the National Child Traumatic Stress Network, this is an evidence-informed modular approach for assisting people in the immediate aftermath of disaster and terrorism: to reduce initial distress and to foster short- and long-term adaptive functioning.

I'm at School, My Friend's at War (David Onestak, Ph.D.)
This text was written by David Onestak on the eve of the US military operation in Iraq. As the US approached what seemed to be an almost certain conflict with Iraq, an increasing number of students approached him with their concerns about high school and college friends who have been (or may soon be) deployed for military service. These students, like the young adults of previous war-time generations, express feelings commonly associated with the trauma of military deployment (e.g., fear, anxiety, sadness, anger, etc.), with particular apprehension about what they will experience if actual combat occurs.

Taking Care of Your Emotional Health after a Disaster (Red Cross FactSheet)
General easy-access advice on emotional and mental health in the wake of a disaster

Disaster Planning Tips for Older Adults and their Families (WF Benson)
Disaster planning, preparedness and mental health coping tips, written by WF Benson, CDC Healthy Aging Program Health Benefits ABCs

Coping when a Family Member Goes to War (National Center for PTSD)
When a family member goes to war, the impact on those left at home can be challenging.
Support from others is important. Spend time with people. Coping with stressful events is easier when in the company of caring friends. Ask for support from your family, friends, church, or other community group. Peer-support groups, led by spouses of deployed Service members, can be helpful.

Tips for Talking to Children After a Disaster: A Guide for Parents and Teachers (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)
Traumatic events, such as shootings, bombings, or other violent acts, can leave children feeling frightened, confused, and insecure. Whether a child has personally experienced trauma, has seen the event on television, or has merely heard it discussed by adults, it is important for parents and educators to be informed and ready to help if stress reactions begin to occur.

Helping Children and Adolescents Cope with Violence and Disasters: What Parents Can Do (National Institute of Mental Health)
Each year, children experience violence and disaster and face other traumas. Young people are injured, they see others harmed by violence, they suffer sexual abuse, and they lose loved ones or witness other tragic and shocking events. Parents and caregivers can help children overcome these experiences and start the process of recovery.

Coping With Terrorism and War (Mark Dombeck, Ph.D.)
This article was originally written in response to the attacks on September 11th, 2001. However, the feelings described and the stages of grief, anger, and resolution remain true today regardless of the actual event that be responding to whether it is a recent plane downing, migrant and asylum-seeking refugees leaving their homes and horrible circumstances around the world, or a recent terrorist group claming a horrible bombing or other attack.


Tips for Coping

  • Talk about it. By talking with others, you can relieve stress and realize that others share your feelings.
  • Take care of yourself. Get plenty of rest and exercise, avoid excessive drinking and eat properly. Avoid foods that are high in calories and fat.
  • Limit exposure to images of the war. Especially avoid television news programs.
  • Do something positive. Give blood, prepare "care packages" for people in the military, write letters to servicemen and women. Whether you support or oppose the war, write letters to elected officials, take part in community meetings, etc.
  • Ask for help. Asking for help is not a sign of weakness. Talk with a trusted relative, friend, psychotherapist, or spiritual advisor.


Resources and Articles for Helping Professionals

PFA (Psychological First Aid) Mobile App
Following disasters or emergencies, the PFA Mobile app can assist responders who provide Psychological First Aid (PFA) to adults, families, and children. Materials in PFA Mobile are adapted from the Psychological First Aid Field Operations Guide (2nd Edition).

Early Intervention Following Disasters: Principles of Psychological and Stress First Aid (Webinar)
Written and presented by Patricia Watson, Ph.D., National Center for PTSD

Stewart, J. (2011). Agency and empowerment under unlikely conditions: Exploring how wartime displacement can promote community development. Humanity & Society, 35(3), 233-260.

Rahgozar, S., & Gimenez-Llort, L. (2020). Foundations and Applications of Logotherapy to Improve Mental Health of Immigrant Populations in the Third Millennium. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 451.

Pahlijna, C. (2015). Logotherapy in Telephone Counseling. IFOTES (Int. Federation of Telephone Counseling)

Schulenberg, S. E., Hutzell, R. R., Nassif, C., & Rogina, J. M. (2008). Logotherapy for clinical practice. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 45(4), 447.

Eiroa Orosa, F. J., Brune, M., Huter, K., Fischer-Ortman, J., & Haasen, C. (2011). Belief systems as coping factors in traumatized refugees: A prospective study. Traumatology, 17(1), 1-7.

Southwick, S. M., Gilmartin, R., McDonough, P., & Morrissey, P. (2006). Logotherapy as an adjunctive treatment for chronic combat-related PTSD: A meaning-based intervention. American journal of psychotherapy, 60(2), 161-174.

Tay, A. K., Miah, M. A. A., Khan, S., Badrudduza, M., Alam, R., Balasundaram, S., ... & Silove, D. (2019). Implementing Integrative Adapt Therapy with Rohingya refugees in Malaysia: a training-implementation model involving lay counsellors. Intervention, 17(2), 267.

Smith, A. (2012). Innovative applications of logotherapy for military-related PTSD. In Paper based on program presented. ACA Conference, San Fransisco

Algado, S. S., Gregori, J. M. R., & Egan, M. (1997). Spirituality in a refugee camp. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 64(3), 138-145.

Aladwan, F., Alzaben, M., AlMahaireh, A. S., & Sulaiman, M. (2021). The Meaning of Life and its Relations with Unhealthy Behaviors among Syrian Adolescent Refugees Enrolled in Public Schools in Jordan. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 12(4), 384-404.

Popa, A. B. (2012). Learning about hardiness and servant leadership by accompanying refugees at a united nations resettlement camp. Journal of Leadership Studies, 6(1), 72-78.

Surcamp, J. R. (2015). Applied Logotherapy for the treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress disorder in men and women United States Army veterans.

Kleber, R. J. (2019). Trauma and public mental health: A focused review. Frontiers in psychiatry, 10, 451.

Ikiugu, M. N. (2015). Meaning-making through occupational performance: occupational scientists/therapists' role in guiding society towards meaningfulness, purposefulness, and happiness. In A Key-Note paper presented at: The 2012 Conference of the South African Occupational Therapy Association, Durban, South Africa.

Velicki, V. & Raguz, M. (2021). Children after Trauma - Logotherapeutic Approach.

Purjo, T. (2021). Critical Need for the Defiant Power of the Human Spirit. Keynote paper presented at 5th International Congress of Logotherapy and Thanatology: Global actions towards meaning. August 6, 2021; Lima, Peru.

Brymer, Layne, Vernberg, Steinberg, Watson, Jacobs, Ruzek, & Pynoos (2009). Innovations in Disaster Mental Health: Psychological First Aid

Source: four each other, Vienna

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